CIPP Lining Methods and Projects

Cured-in-place pipe lining (CIPP) is a proven, long-lasting trenchless repair method that continues to grow in popularity for renewing aging and deteriorated pipes. Here are several systems that employ the technology, along with excavation equipment to expose entry points. Robotic cutters used for lateral reinstatements are also included.
CIPP Lining Methods and Projects
Permanent lateral sealing system

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Relining and Rehabilitation Systems

  Permanent lateral sealing system

Top Seal from AMerik Engineering is for permanent lateral sealing of the gap between the liner and the existing pipe. The system places a pre-impregnated fiberglass insert in the lateral junction, and UV light cures the product in seven minutes. The bond with the existing surfaces is achieved with epoxy. The system also contains sectional liner applicators for seven-minute curing of 2-feet-long repairs. All fiberglass materials come pre-impregnated with a UV-reactive polyester resin that can be stored for five months at room temperature. 770/924-2899;

  Fast-curing grout gel

AV-100 from Avanti International is an ultra-low viscosity chemically reactive grout gel available as either granules or liquid. Having the same viscosity as water, it can permeate anywhere water can travel and cures within a controllable time frame anywhere from five seconds to 10 hours. Once it cures, it creates an effective, long-lasting water barrier while providing superb soil stabilization. It stops water infiltration in manholes, sanitary and storm sewer mainlines, joints, laterals, tunnels, mines and various other geotechnical applications and underground structures by stabilizing external substrate. 800/877-2570;

  Computerized grouting system

The Easy Grout computerized grouting system from CUES features a graphical user interface that leads the technician intuitively through the grouting process. The software includes help files, tool tip descriptions and recommended settings to assist operators throughout the process. Since the system has been designed to consolidate all the valves, electrical controls, etc., into a single instrumentation cabinet, it can be mounted in any location, saving office space. 800/327-7791;

  Standard combo saver

Pit Shot Bullseye liner from Easy Liner is a coated felt liner with reinforcement in only one direction. The reinforcement works along the length of the tube, resulting in a liner tube that is stiff in the length direction but flexible in the radial direction, allowing effortless inversion around bends at pressures as low as 5 psi. The liners come in a value pack kit that can save installers up to 33 percent of the cost of buying components individually. It includes 164 feet of liner, cal tube, premeasured resin and fully illustrated instructions. 888/639-7717;

  Composite inversion drums

HydraLiner composite inversion drums from HammerHead Trenchless Equipment are lightweight, high-capacity inversion drums that allow technicians to use steam, hot water or ambient to cure with one drum. They withstand the higher temperatures needed for steam curing. They are easily maintained, corrosion free and are seamless, eliminating a common failure point in other drums. Three drum sizes are available – the Mini-Hydra, Hydra and the Super-Hydra. 800/331-6653;

  Trenchless pipe repair system

The HydraTite Seal from HydraTech Engineered Products is a do-it-yourself point repair system for leaking joints. The system, which consists of a rubber seal that is held in place by stainless steel retaining bands, is custom designed and manufactured for each individual project. The seals can be interlocked to span long lengths of pipe, or can include a backing band or extra bands to accommodate the remediation requirements of pressure piping with internal pressures of up to 300 psi and infiltration of up to 70 feet of head (30 psi). It is ideal for remediation of storm drains, sewer systems, gas pipelines, potable water irrigation and power generation lines. 513/827-9169;

  Structural lining system

EcoCast from Inland Pipe Rehabilitation is an environmentally friendly, precision-applied, centrifugally cast structural lining system that combines the most advanced application equipment with a custom formulated geopolymer for consistent application and long-term performance. It will successfully restore concrete, brick or corrugated metal storm and sewer pipes, and noncircular infrastructure. It is a particularly cost-effective solution for large diameter pipe sections starting at 36 inches. Applications include storm drainage culvert renewal, manholes, wet wells, junction boxes, DOT and airport projects. 281/362-1131;

  Sleeve installers

Sleeve installers from Logiball cover 3- to 36-inch pipes in lengths as long as 25 feet if required. Multi-size and flow-through, the bladders have proven over time and abuse to be very resistant and reliable. In the event of a damaged sleeve, all sleeve installers can be factory re-sleeved at a fraction of the replacement cost. 800/246-5988;

  Two-component coating system

The two-component coating system from Madewell Products Corp. consists of a high-build restoration mortar and a 100 percent solids epoxy corrosion barrier coating that is ideal in repairing and protecting concrete and brick sewer structures. First, the mortar is shot onto a damp substrate, using the water on the surface to achieve a strong bond. Then an epoxy topcoat is applied while the mortar is still soft, and the two materials cure together. The final product results in a strong and highly corrosion-resistant monolithic lining that provides a continuous surface. The mortar and topcoat are tightly bonded to the substrate and each other. This system saves time and labor costs because it eliminates the need to dry the structure prior to mortar application. The need for a second mobilization to apply the epoxy after the mortar has cured is also eliminated because the two materials cure simultaneously. 800/741-8199;

  Lining inversion tool

The MaxLinerGun from MaxLiner USA is an inversion tool ideal for hard-to-reach places. The 33-pound unit is lightweight and easy to use when inverting linings in mainlines using both an open-end or closed-end method. Applications include laterals, verticals, roof drains, industrial drains and pipes of all kinds from 2 to 10 inches in diameter, with lengths up to 200 feet, bends through 90 degrees, and insertions of spot repairs of joints and holes or entire pipe sections. The system has received code-compliancy from the International Code Council (ICC-ES) for both lateral and vertical repair. 276/656-1225;

  Hot-tap plug system

Multi-Flex line stop plugging systems from Petersen Products are designed for insertion through a small hot tap into a larger pressurized pipeline to stop flows and make repairs without having to drain the pipe. Made of ballistic nylon, polyurethane and rubber, plug composition can vary depending on chemical resistance and temperature requirements. The system includes a tapping saddle and valve, launch cylinder, Multi-Flex pipe plug with Z-swivel on the inflation end of the plug, and directional shoe on the lead-in, inflation controller with gauge, inflation hose, inflation ram assembly with centering guide, inflation ram packing seal and T-handle. Plugs can be used on pipelines from 2 inches to 21 feet in diameter. They can withstand temperatures up to 400 degrees F. 800/926-1926;

  Calibration roller

Pipe Lining Supply is an exclusive distributor of a calibration roller that ensures that the liner installed is the correct thickness throughout the entire line. At the same time, an installer will not waste resin by making the liner too thick. The roller is equipped with a built-in calibration guide. Using the roller along with a vacuum pump will make impregnation quick, professional and easy. 714/630-6311;

  Cure-temperature monitoring system

The VeriCure system from Pipeline Renewal Technologies monitors cure temperature continuously along the full length of a CIPP liner during installation, helping ensure storm and sewer lines are rehabilitated to specification. Designed to distinguish even small thermal variances, the system measures average temperature in successive 1.5-foot zones. Inexpensive fiber-optic probes make it affordable to prevent costly lifts, delamination, over-tensioning and environmental contamination. It indicates exactly when the liner cure goes exothermic, and when cure and cooldown are complete. This means no wasting fuel and crew time overcooking the liner, and no risk of failure due to undercooked midpoints. 866/936-8476;

  Lateral Connection Seals

The Interfit CIP lateral sealing system from Quadex/InterfitUSA rehabilitates and seals lateral connections to lined sewer mains, eliminating infiltration and root intrusion. Depending on lateral defects/bends, the system extends from 1 to 20 inches into the lateral, sealing three critical problem areas – the annular space between a main liner and the host pipe, the lateral connection and the first joint. It includes a “full main wrap” (360 degrees) one-piece CIP fiberglass sock in the main that helps anchor the lateral portion of the sock. By using 25 to 30 psi inflation pressure, the nonshrinking resin attains superior migration into pipe defects, which yields superior mechanical adhesion and long-term performance. 870/688-7100;

  Sewer lateral lining system

Quik Lining Systems is an advanced CIPP sewer lateral lining system that simplifies the process, giving the operator a lower cost per foot of lined pipe. It is lightweight and can be operated by a single operator completing a job in about four hours, and can give a crew the ability to install up to eight or more lines per day. The unit can be operated from rooftops, basements or the street. The system’s design eliminates multiple handlings of materials and can line pipe at over 100 linear feet per minute. 714/296-5262;

  Liner end sleeve

The QuickLock Liner End Sleeve from Rausch Electronics instantly and permanently seals the liner to the host pipe, preventing inflow along the liner running into the manhole. It protects the liner-end section from potential physical damage caused by a root cutter or jetting nozzle. The sleeve body is made of 316L stainless steel, covered by an EPDM rubber gasket designed to accommodate all common liner wall thicknesses that maintains the nominal width established by the liner. It works strictly on mechanical compression, with no resin or grout involved. The sleeve is expanded by a specially designed packer and locks into place using a one-way ratchet locking gear mechanism. 717/709-1005;

  Polymer coating

SewerGard Glaze No. 210G from Sauereisen is a versatile polymer coating that can be applied via plural-component spray equipment to facilitate rapid installation. It can be sprayed at 40 mils for added durability when used as a stand-alone lining. By combining the formula’s greater thickness with the added convenience of plural component spraying, it is ideal for use in clarifiers, tanks, wet-wells, secondary containment and structural steel at wastewater treatment plants. It also works well on its own, as rolling, spincasting or spraying the material facilitates a rapid rate of application at 20 mils for the preventive maintenance of corrosion. 412/963-0303;

  Utility sealant

Flex-Seal utility sealant from Sealing Systems is a plural component aromatic urethane with 800 percent elongation and a tensile strength of 3,200 psi. It is designed to prevent inflow/infiltration and to provide corrosion protection at the grade-adjustment ring section or joint section. It provides a seal that will pass a vacuum test according to ASTM standards. The internal seal is manually applied using a paint brush, and the kit is designed to cover 12 vertical inches on a 27-inch-diameter manhole. 800/478-2054;

  Point repair system

The PipePatch cured-in-place point repair system from Source 1 Environmental consists of components tested and listed to NSF 14 and NSF SE 10990. The 100 percent fiberglass liner material consists of a knitted biaxial and chopped strand composite, saturated with a proprietary silicate resin which, when mixed, is inert and nontoxic. After mixing, resin is yellow in color and serves as a visual aid to the installer to ensure total and complete saturation. It meets all ICC-ES PMG listing requirements, and complies with the 2012 and 2009 International Plumbing Code (IPC), 2012 and 2009 International Residential Code (IRC), and 2012 and 2009 Uniform Plumbing Code. It is in compliance with NSF 14, Plastic Piping System Components and Related Materials, and NSF SE 10990, Special Engineered Specification for Rehabilitation by Point Repair of Existing Pipe. 810/444-5364;

  Controlled water pressure inversion unit

The Controlled Water Pressure (CWP) Inversion Unit from TRY TEK Machine Works installs 6- to 18-inch CIPP liners manhole to manhole with water pressure. It features low clearance, and can operate in places inaccessible to high scaffolds or lift trucks. Incompressible water reacts instantly when the unit is “jogged,” resulting in easier navigation of bends and irregularities. Hot-water curing eliminates working with hazardous high-temperature steam. The liner coatings are safe from melting or blistering due to high-temperature steam, and remain constantly inflated from inversion through curing, eliminating host-pipe damage caused by multiple inflations. With water’s superior heat retention, groundwater infiltration into host pipe is less likely to prematurely cool the liner causing incomplete curing. 717/428-1477;

Excavating Equipment

  Vacuum excavation system

The 49 hp FX50 vacuum excavation system from Ditch Witch can be customized to a customer’s specifications, with choices of trailer configurations and options such as hydraulic booms, water heaters and hydraulic valve exercisers. It comes with a choice of four spoils tank sizes (from 300- to 1,200-gallon capacity) and four water tank sizes (80 to 500 gallons) to meet the requirements of most clean-out job sizes. It can be configured with an optional reverse flow feature that enables the operator to off-load fluid spoils from the vacuum tanks quickly and easily. The hydraulic tank door opens fully to maximize the efficiency of spoils removal, and also locks hydraulically. It can be used to clean out sewers and valve boxes, horizontal directional drilling support, removing road construction debris, and for soft excavation tasks such as posthole digging and potholing, or exposing utilities. 800/654-6481;


TMX mini-excavators from Innovative Equipment feature a quick-hitch system that can be hooked behind a standard 1/2-ton pickup, van or light-duty tow vehicle. They eliminate tracks by utilizing zero-turn technology for access to tight locations and lawns. Weighing only 2,941 pounds, they feature an 8-foot digging depth and 6,600-pound digging force. The unit features a 7-foot 2-inch loading height with a swing radius of 140 degrees, allowing access next to walls and other obstructions. An auxiliary hydraulic tool circuit has the ability to power hydraulic tools including jackhammers, pumps and saws. 888/359-3002;

  Jetting nozzle

The F-4 MONRO-JET nozzle from NozzTeq combines the power of a solid stream pencil jet with the large coverage of a fan jet. Its lightweight and sturdy design makes it ideal for hydroexcavation. Its circular water jet generates tremendous power at modest gpm rates, allowing technicians to move faster whether they are hydroexcavating, surface cleaning or cleaning sewer lines. It is ideal for other types of surface cleaning such as concrete, steel, castings and large surface areas including line removal from runways. It can be modified for internal pipe cleaning of sewers and pipes of all types. Its orbital design increases performance at lower gpm rate and pressures as high as 36,250 psi. 866/620-5915;

  Hydroexcavating tool

The Soil Surgeon hydroexcavating tool from The Soil Surgeon Inc. is designed to fit any sewer combination truck equipped with a telescopic 6- or 8-inch boom. The tool has a 1-inch water connection. The operator controls water pressure and power with truck controls. Features include 6-foot Tuff Tube with handles fabricated to the tube to guide the unit down for potholing or side to side for trenching. Six jets boring inward cut the soil, while six jets boring outward bring the tube down. Bumpers on the bottom protect the jets and lines the tool might contact. 949/363-1401;

  Industrial vacuum loader

The Supersucker HDX industrial vacuum loader from Super Products is equipped with a water system that includes a standard 600-gallon-capacity water tank and a hydraulically driven pump that delivers flow up to 14 gpm and pressure up to 3,000 psi. Its 8-foot articulating boom offers 330-degree rotation and 27-inch reach, and has the ability to pivot 45 degrees upward and 25 degrees downward. An 8-inch positive-displacement vacuum system provides airflow to 5,800 cfm and 28 inches of vacuum. Single-mode filtration enables the loading of both wet and dry material with no changeover required. The durable collector body is constructed of 1/4-inch steel and offers a payload capacity of 18 cubic yards. A heavy-duty, telescoping double-acting cylinder provides a 51-degree dump angle. An optional Acculevel load sensor system is available. 800/837-9711;

  Hydrovac unit

The F4 hydrovac unit from Tornado Hydrovacs carries 13 cubic yards of mud and more than 2,000 gallons of freshwater. Components include a water tank from which you excavate, a mud tank in which the excavated spoils are held, a water pump, a boiler to heat the water and a positive displacement vacuum blower to pull the spoils to the tank via a boom. 877/340-8141;

  Dumping hydroexcavator

The Vacall AllExcavate hydroexcavation truck features a high-dump option that allows the operator to use a wireless remote control to raise the debris tank as much as 76 inches above ground level, and then shift the tank horizontally 21 inches beyond the rear bumper. That enables it to dump debris into roll-off containers, typically with an edge that’s 60 inches above ground level. It uses just one engine for mobility and to generate water flow at 10 to 25 gpm and pressures up to 3,000 psi. Used in combination with strong vacuum forces, it can loosen and then remove dirt, rocks and other material from around utility lines and foundations. Standard and optional debris bodies and water tanks are available. The AllSmartFlow CAN bus intelligent control system is standard, monitoring water usage and minimizing downtime for water tank refills. 800/382-8302;

Reinstatement Cutters

  Quick-change reinstatement cutter

The Dominator 430 from Bowman Tool Company & Systems is a reinstatement cutter designed to operate in 6- to 30-inch relined pipe. It features a streamlined design with no external air tube, and its head assembly incorporates a pinionless, quick-change design and an adjustable gib to reduce adjustment time and maintain accuracy. Lateral reinstatement is achieved with the 0.8 hp or 1.2 hp cross-flow air motor. The 2.5 hp geared air motor can decrease reinstatement time by approximately 80 percent. It can be disassembled and reassembled in approximately 30 minutes. All the electric motors are isolated at the end of the cutter, in a watertight chamber eliminating the problem of water-damaged motors and allowing for easy and quick access. It is manufactured from temper-hardened stainless steel and bronze enabling it to cut the toughest liners on the market, including UV cured lines. 717/432-1403;

  Smart cutting system

The Picote Smart Cutter System, distributed in North America by LMK Technologies, allows the removal of tuberculation and tree roots, and the reestablishing of branch lines in building drains and sewer pipes to be done easily through a single pipe access such as a clean-out. Service lateral pipes can also be reinstated post mainline lining by inserting the system through a clean-out. It is suitable for use in pipe diameters between 1 1/4 and 8 inches. The Twister model is for plastic pipes, and is also available in a comprehensive range of pipe sizes. 815/433-1275;

  Flexible cutter

The Dancutter DC FLEX flexible cutter, distributed in North America by Perma-Liner, can be used in sewer pipes from 3 to 5 inches in diameter. The cutter is used to reopen the lateral after lining. It is also used to mill away concrete, tree roots, rubber rings, metal and all types of deposits before lining. It works with a cutting head driven by an air motor, which is connected on the lifting arm, so the grinding motor can be raised up and down. The lifting arm is mounted on the rotating unit, operated by an electric motor and can rotate continuously. The air motor and lifting arm are both supplied with air through a supply tube mounted on the rear end of the cutter. All functions are controlled from the control panel on two joysticks. It can negotiate multiple bends in a relined 4-inch pipe. 866/336-2568;

Safety Equipment

  Axial blower with canister

The 12-inch Plastic Axial Blower with Canister from Allegro, distributed by Milwaukee Rubber Products, features a polyethylene housing and canister assembly designed to be both lightweight and quiet. It is made of corrosion-, UV- and chemical-resistant polyethylene in “safety orange.” The quick-connect clipping system allows workers to attach the canister, tool free, to the input side for powerful extraction or output side for ventilation. Added features include molded carry handle and 15 or 25 feet of PVC-coated vinyl and polyester ducting, which stores easily within the storage canister. 800/325-3730;


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